DATED 14/03/98

Huatajata at night.

Today we visited Tiwanaku - A city built 3000 BC.

Plan of Tiwanaku

The top left of the above plan shows the Akapana Pyramid with seven terraces and seven walls. The cross shaped area on the upper level would have delineated a temple in pre-colonial times. The pyramid evokes the mountains which were worshipped by all the Andean Peoples.

In the bottom left is a semi-underground temple, a quadrangle open space whose walls are lined with carved heads believed possibly to represent the nations of the world. Other explanations suggest the representation of the heads of defeated enemies. Three of four original monoliths remain, one of which is supposed to be the legendary 'white ruler' Kon-Tiki.

Kalassasaya is in the centre at the bottom. This was an open temple with a raised terrace and interior court yard structure believed to be an observatory. Its construction follows strict astronomical lines which chart the suns movement and highlights both the solstice and the equinoxes in both May and September. At these times the sun's rays pass directly through each of the gates facing east. The sun gate itself delineates the passage of the sun and the months of the year. Huge monoliths in the centre represent pastoral gods.

On the right is Kheri Qala and Putuni (Palace of the Sarcophaguses) which are two palace constructions to the west of the sun temple.