Geologists tell us that 15,000 years ago what is now the Bolivian-Peruvian Altiplano was a gigantic inland sea some 4,000 metres above sea level, covering a surface of 200,000 square kilometres. Today evidence of high level watermarks are to be seen in the mountains surrounding the Altiplano, and sedimentary layers contain abundant fossils. It is thought that a great deluge caused the volume of water in the basin of the Altiplano to break through the natural dyke walls, eventually leaving the basin devoid of vegetation. The shores of this high, inland sea, where game was abundant, were settled by Asian hunter gatherers from North America who had spread into the Southern continent. In time these small tribes formed larger clans, resulting in the exchange of useful tools and experience essential to the development of cultural forms, leading to the emergence of a great people.



LOOKING WEST FROM COROCORO


ANCIENT LAMA CORRALS AT SANTA ANA


CERRO GLORIA PATA FROM THE SOUTH WEST